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Here, we provide Part II of our Caregiving and Holidays blog. If you missed Part I, check it out. As we continue to explore this topic, depression cannot go without addressing.

Caregiving and Depression

Caregiving for aging loved ones during the holidays can bring us joy as well as sadness and pain. It can contribute to depression, despite glad tidings.

Older adult woman walking in snow

Photo by Nikolai Voelcker on Unsplash

Memories

You may recall unhappy memories over the holidays. We naturally remember old times and sometimes our memories are more bitter than sweet. You may also find yourself dwelling on what is missing rather than what is present.

Toxic Relatives

Holidays can put us in the same room with relatives we avoid the rest of the year. Some relatives can lack compassion and dismiss depression. They may view it laziness or selfishness. This can feel all the more hurtful.

Reminders of What Has Changed

The holidays often highlight all that has changed in your life. This can add to holiday stress.

Operate with Lowered Defenses

During the holiday season, you’re more likely to overindulge, leaving your defenses lowered. Limit alcohol, overeating and over-doing it. Instead, overindulge in laughter, rest, healthy eating and exercise.

Coping with Depression

Following are some ways to cope with depression over the holidays.

Acknowledge your Feelings

It’s normal to feel sadness and grief. It’s ok to cry and express your feelings of sadness and grief. You can’t force yourself to be happy just because it’s the holiday season and that’s ok.

Older woman on the phoneReach Out

If you feel lonely or isolated, seek community, religious or other social events. They can offer support and companionship. It is important not to isolate yourself. Rather, reach out for help and connect with others as a way to heal.

Be Realistic

The holidays don’t have to be perfect or the way they were years ago. As families grow and change, traditions and rituals often change as well. Choose a few traditions to hold onto while remaining open to creating new ones.

Set Aside Differences

Try to accept family members and friends as they are, even if they don’t live up to all of your expectations. Set aside grievances until a more appropriate time for discussion. Try to provide understanding if others get upset or distressed when something does not go according to plan. Chances are, they’re feeling the effects of holiday stress and depression, too.

Hold on to Healthy Habits

The holidays don’t have to become a free-for-all. Overindulgence may add to your stress and guilt. Have a healthy snack before holiday parties so that you don’t go overboard. Continue to get plenty of sleep and physical activity.

Take a Breather

Take some time for yourself. Spending just 15 minutes alone, without distractions, may refresh you enough to handle everything you need to do. Take a walk. Listen to soothing music. Find something that reduces stress by clearing your mind, slowing your breathing and restoring inner calm.

Seek Professional Help if you Need It

Despite your best efforts, you may find yourself feeling persistently sad or anxious, plagued by physical complaints, unable to sleep, irritable and hopeless, and unable to face routine chores. If these feelings last for a while, talk to your doctor or a mental health professional. Talking to a therapist may help. You can search for one online.

Seniors & Depression

Older people often find as the holiday season unfolds, they feel progressively disappointed, stressed and sad.

Reminders of past losses: Many seniors have survived a number of their cherished friends and family members and these losses often take on greater significance during the holidays.

Sadness over the contrast between “then” and “now”: For many older people, the memories of holidays past so outshine present day celebrations they feel unable to focus on or experience pleasure in the “now.”

Unrealistic expectations:  The holidays can bring a host of expectations, such as family togetherness, festive events and feelings of expanded happiness. Reality too often falls short of these expectations, which can cause an individual to plummet to new lows of sadness, feelings of loneliness and despair.

Spending the holidays alone:  Some seniors live by themselves and/or at a distance from friends and family and spend much, if not all, of the holidays alone. Grown children often become busy with their own social obligations and may not realize how much their parents or grandparents look forward to sharing time during the holidays with them.

Coping with failing health: The holidays can often serve to underscore the limitations failing health imposes on the ability to participate in once-enjoyed activities.

How to Brighten the Holidays

Seniors and their family members, friends and caregivers can do many things to help prevent, recognize and manage holiday depression. To avoid the holiday blues, stay active, interested, engaged and healthy.

Be social: Plan activities you think a loved one would enjoy and contact family members with whom they would enjoy spending time. Maintain contact with the world. Phone calls and visits, no matter how brief, help everyone stay connected.

Take care: Make sure each person in your care remains in good health, gets plenty of sleep, eats nutritiously and stays as active as possible.

Talk about it: If you think someone is experiencing depression, talk with a doctor, spiritual advisor or friend that your loved one trusts.

Be available: Make transportation and services readily available.  If loved ones feel like a bother, that can make them feel even worse.

Lend an ear: If you think your loved one is depressed, explain to them your concerns. Lend an empathetic ear and offer to accompany the individual to a doctor.

Lend your eyes: Help friends or loved ones with limited eyesight write out or read holiday greetings.

Alzheimer’s and Dementia

Alzheimer’s and dementia can add an additional dimension to holiday stress due to the changes in the care recipient’s condition or lack of understanding among family members.

Familiarize others with the situation:  Let guests know what to expect before they arrive. Family can help with communication by being patient, not interrupting or correcting, and giving the person time to finish his or her thoughts.   Make sure visitors understand that changes in behavior and memory are caused by the disease and not the person. You may find this easier to share changes in a letter or email that can be sent to multiple recipients.

Adjust expectations: For example, move gatherings to brunch instead of dinner, if evenings are a problem. Try to avoid known triggers.

Involve the care recipient: Build on past traditions and memories. Focus on activities that are meaningful to the person with dementia. Your family member may find comfort in singing old holiday songs or looking through old photo albums.

Involve the person in holiday preparation. This could be as simple as having the person measure an ingredient or hand decorations to you as you hang them.

Adapt gift giving: Encourage safe and useful gifts for the person with dementia. Diminishing capacity may make some gifts unusable or even dangerous to a person with dementia. If someone asks for gift ideas, suggest items the person with dementia needs or can easily enjoy. Don’t forget to ask for something for yourself.

Celebrating in a facility: A holiday is still a holiday whether it is celebrated at home or at a care facility. Here are some ways to celebrate together:

  • Consider joining your loved one in any facility-planned holiday activities
  • Bring a favorite holiday food to share
  • Sing holiday songs and ask if other residents can join in
  • Read a favorite holiday story or poem out loud

Falls are the leading cause of injury and death among older adults. That said, we can protect ourselves and our loved ones by making small changes to reduce the risks of falling.

Reduce risks of falling. This man broke his leg after falling.Reducing the risks of falls for seniors is important for a number of reasons. Think about it. For a young person in their 20’s to loose his footing and trip on a concrete curb on the street may cause him embarrassment. When the person who falls is an older adult, his risks increase dramatically. Bones become increasingly fragile as we age. Falling onto concrete can easily fracture bones, cause heavy bleeding, a head injury or worse for older adults.

Get the facts on falls. Consider what you can do to reduce risks of falling both for you and your aging loved ones.

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